Upper Mustang TrekkingUpper Mustang Trekking

Upper Mustang Trek- 15 Days

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  • Duration15 Days
  • DestinationNepal
  • Difficulty Adventure
  • Max Altitude 5000m
  • Activity Trekking & Excursion
  • Group Size Min. 2
  • Accommodation Comfort hotel in Kathmandu and Pokhara & local lodges on trek
  • Meals Full package on the Trekking
  • Transportation Domestic Flight and vehicle
  • Starts Jomsom
  • Ends Jomsom
  • Best Season March-May, Sep-November
Trip Highlights
  • The last forbidden Kingdom of Nepal and white wall city,
  • Arid landscape, eroded canyons, ochre valley, yak caravans, colorful-painted mud brick houses
  • The elegant Buddhist culture, tradition, harsh geography with distinctly attractive, thousands of years old Monasteries, Buddhist stupas, ancient Mysterious caves and enormous Passes
  • Burning cremation, sky burial cremation, and vulture feeding cremation.
  • TiJi festival & several primitive Tibetan carnivals

Upper Mustang

Upper Mustang trekking officially opened in 1992. It was almost completely forbidden for foreigners until then, Upper Mustang is known as the land of rain shadowed so that the landscape is harsh and arid. The culture and traditions are distinctly attractive, thousands of years old monasteries, Buddhist culture, stupas, ancients’ caves, and hidden villages are myth and facts attractions of Upper Mustang. It allows limited numbers of trekkers each year in order to protect and conserve the local Tibetan tradition and the fragile environment. Trekking into this fabled forbidden kingdom of vast, arid valleys, eroded canyons, ochre valley, yak caravans, and colorful-painted mud brick houses on the back dropped of majestic mountain Annapurna, Dhaulagiri, Nilgiri, Tukuche makes Mustang trekking a very especial.

In upper Mustang's well-known and dominant city, Lo Manthang is the ultimate destination. Lo means a remote Himalayan province while Manthang means abound place of beauty and happiness in the Tibetan language. In upper Mustang real Tibetan Buddhism, lifestyles, religion, art and cultures still remain well preserved. During the 15th and 16th centuries, the acquisition of immense fortunes from the salt trade made Mustang a highly prosperous kingdom. Mustang became an important transit point on the salt trade route between Tibet and the large markets for salt in lowland Nepal and India. Later, due to the decline of the salt trade, agriculture and animal husbandry became the most important occupations of the people. Still, a little Himalayan kingdom exists in Upper Mustang with a local king (who just passed away) of Lo-Monthang whose title has been given the honorary rank of Colonel in the Nepal army. Nowadays, the son of the passed King is taking the rule.

Upper Mustang
Lo- Manthang

Lo-Manthang: remote, hidden, the land of happiness and beauty, where the soul of a human is still considered to be as real as the feet he/she walks. They are very rich in culture and tradition, also strongly believe in Himalayan Buddhism, They have different ceremonies. Among them, they have three kinds of funeral cremations: burning cremation, sky burial cremation and vulture feeding cremation. The vulture feeding ceremony is much more meaningful and quite stranger however it is usual practice in the fold of hidden paradise at Lo-Manthang. The last forbidden Kingdom of Mustang has a lot of culture, tradition and carnivals. Tiji Festival is one of the most dominant among them in Lo-Manthang. Tiji festival takes a three-day long ceremony, it is believed the festival of good luck harvesting and bad luck or demon chasing. Over the festive time, monks dressed in elaborate costumes and masks perform dances and rituals that are supposed to drive away evil spirits. Dressed in their finery, people from all over Mustang gather in Lo Monthang to celebrate the Tiji festival.

Upper Mustang

Upper Mustang has very important and special Buddhist Monasteries such as Lo- Ghekar, Luri Gumba, Ngiphu Gumba, Tsarang Gumba, ancient ruins of the castle, sky caves, Mysterious caves such as Jhong and mystic passes to Tibet including Korolla Pass. The lifestyle of Mustangees reflects the primitive life of Bhot or Tibet. The unique Buddhist culture, animal husbandry agricultural system and house construction design show hundreds of years old Tibetan character. Yak Caravan, goats pasturing, traveling on horses, drinking butter tea and eating CHAMPA are their major traditions in Upper Mustang. However, things are slowly changing due to the modern life style and transport facilities.


Special trekking permit process and sightseeing in Kathmandu around in the world heritage site in Kathmandu.

Take a morning flight from Pokhara to Jomsom. The flight would be approximately 35 minutes from Pokhara, and all your trekking supporting staff will be waiting for you in Jomsom.  Your guide will introduce all of them. Make some tea break time meanwhile, your staff will prepare the luggage and all your necessary stuff for the further trekking and following the north arid plateau that stretches up to Tibet. The trail is quite barren with craggy rocks, and sands, mostly dusty, windy, and flat. However, it is very picturesque by the views of massive peaks all around such as Dhaulagiri (8167m), Tukuche (6920m) Nilgiri, and Tilicho. We recommend better to take a jeep ride to Kagbeni while it is very dusty walking along the road and river bank.

Upper Mustang
Chele Village

The path follows the Kaligandaki River which is widely spread. You can check your luck by finding fossils, many people may searching them while they are walking along the river bank, past the beautiful villages of Chhuksang and Tangbe. While you pass these villages you be spellbound by beautiful nature and its formations. The scenery is amazing with red sandstone pillars and canyons. Thousands of years of erosion have formed the landscape; rock formations in fantastic forms and colors will be our companions throughout the trip. The Chele is nestled among extensive barley fields which is a small hamlet over the Kaligandaki River bank. 

The climb continues alongside a spectacular steep canyon with views of Nilgiri, Tilicho and so many standing mountains. After a long steep to the pass, the pleasant trail leads to Samar (3300m) where a lot of artificial poplars trees are grown, here you can make a lunch break because further places provide no good restaurants. Then, the trail climbs steadily into the valley filled with juniper trees, and rocky hills just up to pass and descends to Syangboche 3800m via long flat walking. Syangboche was a very popular pastoral highland in former times but now it is a popular stop point for visitors.

After walking for 15 minutes a distinctive red painted chorten appears which is called Yanda la pass from where the Guiling villages are visible with two red Gompas. Above the Guiling village wide barren pastureland is waved, brown hills, and also the Nyi La pass (3840m) straight ahead. From Yanda la, there are two ways, one descends to Guiling and one directly heads to Nyi La passing along the Tama Gaun and two outstanding Chortens. The trail descends from the pass to Ghami village, the third big village in Upper Mustang where the miner hospital is running health facilities for the local people. The landscape is even more rugged, with a deep river canyon snaked form down to the red cliffs, the red cliff, and dunes hills ahead are a superior outline of enormous beauty. The Gomba is in the middle of the village and the lower part of the village is terraced land for cultivation, which looks like an expanded peacock tail during the growing season.  

Stupa at Tsarang village

On the other side of Ghami, we see a long mani wall and some standing Chortens in front of a red wall which forms the end of the valley. According to legend, the famous Bodisatwa Guru Rinpoche (Padmasambhava) had destroyed a demon, and his intestines landed on a mani wall, his lungs landed on red cliffs and his heart is Lo Gekar Monastery which is the oldest monastery in Mustang. A steady climb takes up to 3820m pass, after then a lunar-looking desert stretches to the horizon. It looks like, there is no sign of vegetation or human life only barren hills layered. A broad road leads to Tsarang along a distinctively beautiful place; Tsarang is the second big town in the upper Mustang which is rich in Buddhist culture, they are following Shakya tradition. The other main landmark is the king’s palace on the edge of the village close to the Monastery. But it is almost falling due to disrepair, in former time the king from Lo- Manthang used to descend during tremendous cold winters. Nowadays king permanently stays in Lo Manthang, thus it is almost abandoned.

After breakfast trek begins along barren fields, shortens, and a few ancient caves. You may pass gangs of pasturing yaks, horses, Tibetans goats, and sheep.  Today you have to carry some energy bars on your day pack because lunch and camping will be in Lo Manthang. After a long steady climb takes you to the top of the Lo La pass 3950 meters, when you are there you may feel like you are in Lunar not on Earth, and spying on the strangest, from where a wide spreading village can be seen is Lomanthang and surrounding villages also a red painted monastery.


Upper Mustang
Lamas at Ngiphu Monastery 

Today, you take a tour around the white-walled city. This wall was built as a safeguard from warriors, in former times all houses were built inside connected to the palace. Most of the houses are still two-storied and built of mud; there are three ancient monasteries in Lo Manthang which are very essential to visit. And the afternoon you can take a horse ride to explore the Nyiphu monastery, Zhong caves, and chhossar caves for ancient civilization.  Still, you see some people are using caves as part of their life so this exploration is more meaningful for historical, anthropological, and archaeological facts. 

Take the same way back from Lo Manthang to Tsarang until Lo La passes and turn to the left side. Follow the small path that drags along the barren Collins and steep rocky descending to Dhie village. Die means a village a bit shadowed from windy and likely a Lakeland make a lunch break here and step forehead to Yara along the small river meanders and climb up to little typically designed settlement. Lodges are very simple and have to eat local food that is available there. If you have extra time you can make a day break here and hike up to visit Luri Gumba and Yara Ghara Gumba for a day excursion. The famous Bodisatwa Padmasambhava (Guru Rimpoche) had meditated in this cave for a long time so it is considered the mighty holistic place.


Today it could be a strong day, so morning breakfast should be made very early because we have to cross the Pandey River. There is a bridge however flooded away in monsoon time. If we start late, the River grows higher because of ice melting and makes it difficult to cross. We have to take off our shoes to cross the River. Many local people are running along the bank for fossils because only this river flows fossils. After crossing; there are some pastoral settlements where we can make lunch there and turns to steady up to pass for a couple of hours then gradually descending along brown barren lands to Tange.

This small settlement under the brown hill with a terrace agricultural cultivating area is the earnest village. Above the village, there are marks of ancient caves where the people from this area used to live, but moved down after they learned to build houses. Cross the suspension bridge and catch the way which leads to steady up to the hilltop called Pa (4060 miter). It is a very interesting way but very challenging, Mountain Tilicho, Nilgiri, Dhaulagiri, Tukuche, and Mustang Peak are visible from the way. The trail often leads along the ridge so views of the landscape and valley are quite interesting for day long. Walking in jig-jack, one ridge to another ridge, hill to the other hill is long and challenging. It descends quite down from Cha Cha La pass (4040 m) and may be very slippery downhill in the winter season.

On the way from Tangbe to Chhuksang


It is almost steep up for a couple of hours then it goes easy climbing/walking. Take a packed lunch and enough drinking water for the day. Cross the finest village Zhong, Thinggar to Muktinath holistic town for overnight. You will meet a lot of travelers coming across the famous legendary Thorong-La pass or Annapurna Circuit trekking and from Jomson too. Highlander trekkers and pilgrimages touristts all gathered in Muktinath.

Before breakfast go on make tour of the temple where morning activities are most powerful. Thousands of pilgrims are queuing and holding the offering to the temple. The main temple is called Bishnu (the deity protector) behind the temple 108 taps are contained to offer a fresh sprouting water shower for pilgrims. 24-hour lighting flame on the water monastery is about 100 meters away from the temple and only nuns are living in this monastery. This is an important place for both Hindu and Buddhist pilgrimage. 

After breakfast you can go to Jomsom by local vehicle of couple of hours trekking via isolated beautiful Lubra villag exploration and hike down to the road and follow the Kaligandaki River bank along the dusty road till Jomsom.

There is often a morning flight from Jomsom to Pokhara, your trekking staff will drop your baggage at the airport and wave hands of bye-bye, have a safe journey!!! Thank you for being with us in Nepal!!! Your trekking crews will rive back down by bus to Kathmandu

Route Map
Upper Mustang Trek- 15 Days map
Cost Details

The cost for Upper Mustang Trekking can vary greatly depending on several factors, such as the duration of the trek, choice of accommodation, and mode of transportation or it depends on preferences and requirements of trekkers. In average, the cost of a 15-days trek in Upper Mustang can range from U.S.$2200 to $3,500 per person.  This cost includes permit fees, food, accommodation, transportation, a guide and porter wages and Staff trekking insurance.

We provide special discount for larger group, relevant travel company, partners or agents and non- profit organizations.

What's included
  • Pick up and drop transportation at the International airport.
  • 3 night’s hotel accommodation in Kathmandu on twin sharing basis on B/B plan.
  • 2 night’s hotel accommodation in Pokhara on twin sharing basis on B/B plan.
  • Sightseeing in Kathmandu with professional tour guide.
  • Entrance fees for the world heritage sites
  • KTM- Pokhara- KTM overland tourist bus tickets
  • PKR- Jomsom- PKR domestic flight
  • 3 meals a day during the trip (Breakfast, Lunch & Dinner) as mention in itinerary.
  • Accommodation while Mustang in twin sharing basis in guesthouses with attach bathroom.
  • Annapurna conservation area permit and TIMS card.
  • Upper Mustang restricted area permit fee.
  • Professional tour guide and necessary staff
  • Salary, Food, Drinks, Accommodation, Transportation and Insurance for the Guide and driver.
  • Medical supplies (first aid kit will be available).
  • All government and local taxes.
What's not included
  • International airfare to/ from Nepal.
  • Your travel insurance
  • Your Personal Medical expenses
  • Lunch and dinner in Kathmandu and Pokhara.
  • Helicopter charge in case of fast evacuation is needed.
  • Beverages, alcoholic drinks, mineral water, boiled water during the tour.
  • Your personal expenses
  • Entrace fees at the monasteries in Upper Mustang
  • Horse charges incase you rent for hiking
  • Personal equipments.
  • Tips and gratitude to your staff.
Useful Info

A special Permit is required for Upper Mustang trekking

  • To enter the Upper Mustang we need a restricted permit that costs U.S. $ 500 per person for 10 days, if the trek is more than 10 days then U.S.$ 50 per day is necessary for additional days. The upper Mustang lies close to Tibet and has easier border excess so it is applied as a restricted area. 
  •  The Department of Immigration office in Nepal issues the restricted area projec permit.
  • Also each trekker needs to pay U.S. $ 20 for the Annapurna Conservation Area Project (ACAP). 
  • Special permit for Mustang will not be allowed for solo and single trekker.

Altitude sickness:

Altitude sickness (acute mountain sickness) is difficulty of sleeping, dizziness, headache, fatigue, loss of appetite, rapid pulse, nausea, vomiting, etc. It affects mountain climbers, hikers, and skiers because of lower air pressure and lower oxygen levels. It occurs as the result of failure to adapt at a higher altitude. It happens most often in the brains or the longs after the fluid begins to leak from the blood vessels.

When the fluid collects in the brain, you initially get headaches, loss of appetite, nausea, tiredness, want to lie down and feel powerless, physically moving is unwilling, and a decrease of consciousness, and the problem with balance coordination is called high–altitude cerebral edema (HACE). If the fluid is collected in the lungs, you become breathless and dry, and it makes regular irritative cough, sometimes coughing up blood too, discoloration of the skin, and chest tightness is called high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE).


To prevent acute mountain sickness; we have to follow fundamental gravity habits such as patience, consistency, and discipline in the mountain. The mountains have their own rule and regulations. We cannot turn them into our nature except by following and respecting them. Cloth on properly according to the altitude, avoid rapid altitude gain, drink enough water or fluid, take enough acclimatization time to adjust the body at a higher altitude, avoid alcoholic items, control smoking, eat regular meals, get higher & sleep at lower altitudes. Avoid high altitudes if you have heart and lung disease. If the symptoms occur then stop climbing mountains and descend to a lower altitude. In case the person is seriously sick, or cannot bring him/her to a lower altitude by walking and carrying then she/he should be rescued by quick Helicopter evacuation.

Clothing Equipment:

Lightweight walking boots, a pair of track shoes, and slippers to wear in the evening or when the boot is wet.

Warm jacket (Fibers fill or down should be adequate.)

Warm clothes or fleece jackets.

Thin and thick trousers.

Warm trousers are useful higher up in the mountains in the morning and at night. 

Thermal underwear (These are excellent for sleeping at night)

A pair of loose-fitting long shorts and 1 lightweight long-sleeved –shirt are particularly suitable.

A woolen or warm hat to wear in the morning and at night. Sunhat and ensure it has a wide brim to cover the face and neck.

A pair of gloves (warm and normal ones)

2 pairs of thin and 2 pairs of thick warm socks.

Underwear, buff, and hankies as you need.


Duffle bag or kit bag to carry your gears and Small rucksack to carry personal equirements for the day e.g. toilet paper, towel, soap, etc. Water bottle. Snow glasses and sunglasses, 2-4 large plastic bags to separate clean clothes from dirty ones. Headlamp with spare batteries, sun cream, personal medicine, lip guard, toothbrush, towel, Reading materials, game items (optional), notebook, rubber band, pen and pencil, a diary, a pocket knife, trekking map, passport, and copies.

Drinking Water:

Travelers should be very aware of drinking water in Nepal. They are not completely adapted to digest direct normal spring water due to bacteria. So, we recommend you drink mineral water or boiled water. Also, you can use some purifier tablets such as chlorine tablets for purifying water on the trekking. We strongly recommend mineral water in the city area and purified or boiled water in the trekking.


We provide accommodation according to your demand and accessibility either normal standards or comfortable luxury hotels in the City. We provide very neat, clean, and comfortable hotels, lodges, friendly homestays, or locally what is available for the most suitable on tour.

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